The author notes that in the majority of countries, the teaching profession is destabilized and in crisis, that many problems affect the profession, change in society, school, conditions of exercise with more tasks heavier and more demanding, a “knowledges” crisis, and at the same time, the mutation brought by the digital era.
Besides this, there is a development of numerous researches on teaching-learning, on the profession and the training of teachers and results which are not exploited by the actors in the field. Researchers note (Tardif, Lessard, 2004) that the teaching profession remains "a craft trade" where there are: learning the trade on the job, valuing experience, compartmentalized classes, individualism, little cooperation between peers, dialogued lessons, a static vision of knowledge. So on which levers to rely, how to take advantage of the contributions of research to rebuild the profession? Like allowing teaching work, this complex high-level activity, composed of multiple knowledge, skills and relational attitudes proper to ensure quality learning for all learners?
On the basis of work, Marguerite Altet will develop the importance of taking charge of the profession by teachers and of the levers to achieve it, such as: appropriation of the contributions of educational research, a process of collective learning to resolve the problems encountered and responding to the needs of learners, an institutionalization of the role of the profession in training, mobilization of teachers as close as possible to the analysis of their practices and professional development by means of ongoing local training, through professional cooperation and a learning organization considered as a tool to build the collective, allowing real capacities of successful professional action based on the capacity to understand the practices and the situations to respond to them in an inventive way while being based on collective democratic values.
This presentation will aim to show the interest of a profile of professional “new teachers”, capable of managing complexity, thoughtful, lucid, committed, collaborative, involved in their establishments and in return recognized and valued by a Feeling of Personal Efficiency , with the support of trainers, in a process of Professional Development and a permanent attitude of innovation and research, with a view to emancipation and not to "best practices".